Ethiopia is old beyond imagination, dating to the very beginning of mankind. It is also the land of the Queen of Sheba,
a place of legendary rulers, fabulous kingdoms and ancient mysteries.
Ethiopia, the oldest independent nation in Africa, has a heritage dating back to the first century AD. Traders from Greece, Rome, Persia and Egypt knew of the riches of what is now Ethiopia, and by the first century AD, Axum was the capital of a great empire. This realm became one of the first Christian lands of Africa. Late in the 10th Century, Axum declined and a new Zagwe dynasty, centered in what is now Lalibela, ruled the land. Axum, Lalibela Gondar, Bahir Dar and Harer now provide the greatest historical legacy. It was in the 16th Century that the son of the great explorer Vasco Da Gama came to Ethiopia. He found a land of many kingdoms and provinces beset by feuds and war. The first persecuted followers of Prophet Mohammed have been well-looked after by the 6th century
The first persecuted followers of Prophet Mohammed have been well-looked after by the 6th century Ethiopian Christian King and that is where the colorful amalgamation of the people and religion lies in Ethiopia. To the present day, the persecuted Muslim settlement serves as a major Mosque by the name Negash referring to the governor name of the province in that period.
Though very little practiced, Judaism is one of the very early religions to step in to the country as a belief. Presently few Juish people lead their own way of life few Kilometers from Gondar as many have been transported in the two Operations of Mosses and Solomon to the promised land of Israel.
The Blue Nile, longest river and shelter for many countries in Africa makes the biggest lake in the country by the name, Lake Tana. This lake is home to more than 20 churches and monasteries that date back to the 14th century. Blue Nile has also a very spectacular falls by the name Tis-Issat (meaning smoking fire) and was admired by the first Scottish traveler James Bruce in the 18th century.
In the 19th Century, under the leadership of the great Emperor Menelik, the country's passage to modernization began.
Addis Ababa (meaning the New Flower), being the last point of civilized and centralized city has a lot to offer in terms of historical attributes. There are many churches with good paintings and hosting the body of great Emperors of the past. There are museums which exhibit the past with their artifacts and paintings. Much more, as a political center, Addis Ababa is very historical as it abode the head quarter of the then Organization of African Unity and present African Union.